Software Requirements

Software Requirements Author Karl E. Wiegers
ISBN-10 0735679665
Year 2013
Pages 672
Language en
Publisher
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Now in its third edition, this classic guide to software requirements engineering has been fully updated with new topics, examples, and guidance. Two leaders in the requirements community have teamed up to deliver a contemporary set of practices covering the full range of requirements development and management activities on software projects. Describes practical, effective, field-tested techniques for managing the requirements engineering process from end to end. Provides examples demonstrating how requirements "good practices" can lead to fewer change requests, higher customer satisfaction, and lower development costs. Fully updated with contemporary examples and many new practices and techniques. Describes how to apply effective requirements practices to agile projects and numerous other special project situations. Targeted to business analysts, developers, project managers, and other software project stakeholders who have a general understanding of the software development process. Shares the insights gleaned from the authors' extensive experience delivering hundreds of software-requirements training courses, presentations, and webinars. New chapters are included on specifying data requirements, writing high-quality functional requirements, and requirements reuse. Considerable depth has been added on business requirements, elicitation techniques, and nonfunctional requirements. In addition, new chapters recommend effective requirements practices for various special project situations, including enhancement and replacement, packaged solutions, outsourced, business process automation, analytics and reporting, and embedded and other real-time systems projects.

Visual Models for Software Requirements

Visual Models for Software Requirements Author Anthony Chen
ISBN-10 9780735667761
Year 2012-07-15
Pages 480
Language en
Publisher Pearson Education
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Apply best practices for capturing, analyzing, and implementing software requirements through visual models—and deliver better results for your business. The authors—experts in eliciting and visualizing requirements—walk you through a simple but comprehensive language of visual models that has been used on hundreds of real-world, large-scale projects. Build your fluency with core concepts—and gain essential, scenario-based context and implementation advice—as you progress through each chapter. Transcend the limitations of text-based requirements data using visual models that more rigorously identify, capture, and validate requirements Get real-world guidance on best ways to use visual models—how and when, and ways to combine them for best project outcomes Practice the book’s concepts as you work through chapters Change your focus from writing a good requirement to ensuring a complete system

Software Requirement Patterns

Software Requirement Patterns Author Stephen Withall
ISBN-10 9780735646063
Year 2007-06-13
Pages 384
Language en
Publisher Pearson Education
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Learn proven, real-world techniques for specifying software requirements with this practical reference. It details 30 requirement “patterns” offering realistic examples for situation-specific guidance for building effective software requirements. Each pattern explains what a requirement needs to convey, offers potential questions to ask, points out potential pitfalls, suggests extra requirements, and other advice. This book also provides guidance on how to write other kinds of information that belong in a requirements specification, such as assumptions, a glossary, and document history and references, and how to structure a requirements specification. A disturbing proportion of computer systems are judged to be inadequate; many are not even delivered; more are late or over budget. Studies consistently show one of the single biggest causes is poorly defined requirements: not properly defining what a system is for and what it’s supposed to do. Even a modest contribution to improving requirements offers the prospect of saving businesses part of a large sum of wasted investment. This guide emphasizes this important requirement need—determining what a software system needs to do before spending time on development. Expertly written, this book details solutions that have worked in the past, with guidance for modifying patterns to fit individual needs—giving developers the valuable advice they need for building effective software requirements

Software Estimation

Software Estimation Author Steve McConnell
ISBN-10 9780735637030
Year 2006-02-22
Pages 352
Language en
Publisher Microsoft Press
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Often referred to as the “black art” because of its complexity and uncertainty, software estimation is not as difficult or puzzling as people think. In fact, generating accurate estimates is straightforward—once you understand the art of creating them. In his highly anticipated book, acclaimed author Steve McConnell unravels the mystery to successful software estimation—distilling academic information and real-world experience into a practical guide for working software professionals. Instead of arcane treatises and rigid modeling techniques, this guide highlights a proven set of procedures, understandable formulas, and heuristics that individuals and development teams can apply to their projects to help achieve estimation proficiency. Discover how to: Estimate schedule and cost—or estimate the functionality that can be delivered within a given time frame Avoid common software estimation mistakes Learn estimation techniques for you, your team, and your organization * Estimate specific project activities—including development, management, and defect correction Apply estimation approaches to any type of project—small or large, agile or traditional Navigate the shark-infested political waters that surround project estimates When many corporate software projects are failing, McConnell shows you what works for successful software estimation.

Mastering the Requirements Process

Mastering the Requirements Process Author Suzanne Robertson
ISBN-10 9780132942843
Year 2012-08-06
Pages 600
Language en
Publisher Addison-Wesley
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“If the purpose is to create one of the best books on requirements yet written, the authors have succeeded.” —Capers Jones Software can solve almost any problem. The trick is knowing what the problem is. With about half of all software errors originating in the requirements activity, it is clear that a better understanding of the problem is needed. Getting the requirements right is crucial if we are to build systems that best meet our needs. We know, beyond doubt, that the right requirements produce an end result that is as innovative and beneficial as it can be, and that system development is both effective and efficient. Mastering the Requirements Process: Getting Requirements Right, Third Edition, sets out an industry-proven process for gathering and verifying requirements, regardless of whether you work in a traditional or agile development environment. In this sweeping update of the bestselling guide, the authors show how to discover precisely what the customer wants and needs, in the most efficient manner possible. Features include The Volere requirements process for discovering requirements, for use with both traditional and iterative environments A specification template that can be used as the basis for your own requirements specifications Formality guides that help you funnel your efforts into only the requirements work needed for your particular development environment and project How to make requirements testable using fit criteria Checklists to help identify stakeholders, users, non-functional requirements, and more Methods for reusing requirements and requirements patterns New features include Strategy guides for different environments, including outsourcing Strategies for gathering and implementing requirements for iterative releases “Thinking above the line” to find the real problem How to move from requirements to finding the right solution The Brown Cow model for clearer viewpoints of the system Using story cards as requirements Using the Volere Knowledge Model to help record and communicate requirements Fundamental truths about requirements and system development

Software Architecture in Practice

Software Architecture in Practice Author Len Bass
ISBN-10 9780132942782
Year 2012-09-25
Pages 624
Language en
Publisher Addison-Wesley
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The award-winning and highly influential Software Architecture in Practice, Third Edition, has been substantially revised to reflect the latest developments in the field. In a real-world setting, the book once again introduces the concepts and best practices of software architecture—how a software system is structured and how that system’s elements are meant to interact. Distinct from the details of implementation, algorithm, and data representation, an architecture holds the key to achieving system quality, is a reusable asset that can be applied to subsequent systems, and is crucial to a software organization’s business strategy. The authors have structured this edition around the concept of architecture influence cycles. Each cycle shows how architecture influences, and is influenced by, a particular context in which architecture plays a critical role. Contexts include technical environment, the life cycle of a project, an organization’s business profile, and the architect’s professional practices. The authors also have greatly expanded their treatment of quality attributes, which remain central to their architecture philosophy—with an entire chapter devoted to each attribute—and broadened their treatment of architectural patterns. If you design, develop, or manage large software systems (or plan to do so), you will find this book to be a valuable resource for getting up to speed on the state of the art. Totally new material covers Contexts of software architecture: technical, project, business, and professional Architecture competence: what this means both for individuals and organizations The origins of business goals and how this affects architecture Architecturally significant requirements, and how to determine them Architecture in the life cycle, including generate-and-test as a design philosophy; architecture conformance during implementation; architecture and testing; and architecture and agile development Architecture and current technologies, such as the cloud, social networks, and end-user devices

Managing Software Requirements

Managing Software Requirements Author Dean Leffingwell
ISBN-10 0201615932
Year 2000
Pages 491
Language en
Publisher Addison-Wesley Professional
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Two leading experts on requirements management demonstrate how to define exactly what software systems should do in terms that can be implemented and won't have to be redone later. Coverage includes: analyzing problems, defining systems, building and validating systems, and more.

System Requirements Analysis

System Requirements Analysis Author Jeffrey O. Grady
ISBN-10 9780080457857
Year 2010-07-19
Pages 480
Language en
Publisher Academic Press
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Systems Requirement Analysis gives the professional systems engineer the tools to set up a proper and effective analysis of the resources, schedules and parts that will be needed in order to successfully undertake and complete any large, complex project. The text offers the reader the methodology for rationally breaking a large project down into a series of stepwise questions so that a schedule can be determined and a plan can be established for what needs to be procured, how it should be obtained, and what the likely costs in dollars, manpower and equipment will be in order to complete the project at hand. Systems Requirement Analysis is compatible with the full range of engineering management tools now popularly used, from project management to competitive engineering to Six Sigma, and will ensure that a project gets off to a good start before it’s too late to make critical planning changes. The book can be used for either self-instruction or in the classroom, offering a wealth of detail about the advantages of requirements analysis to the individual reader or the student group. * Author is the recognized authority on the subject of Systems Engineering, and was a founding member of the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) * Defines an engineering system, and how it must be broken down into a series of process steps, beginning with a definition of the problems to be solved * Complete overview of the basic principles involved in setting up a systems requirements analysis program, including how to set up the initial specifications that define the problems and parameters of an engineering program * Covers various analytical approaches to systems requirements including: structural and functional analysis, budget calculations, and risk analysis

Agile Software Requirements

Agile Software Requirements Author Dean Leffingwell
ISBN-10 0321685407
Year 2010-12-27
Pages 560
Language en
Publisher Addison-Wesley Professional
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“We need better approaches to understanding and managing software requirements, and Dean provides them in this book. He draws ideas from three very useful intellectual pools: classical management practices, Agile methods, and lean product development. By combining the strengths of these three approaches, he has produced something that works better than any one in isolation.” –From the Foreword by Don Reinertsen, President of Reinertsen & Associates; author of Managing the Design Factory; and leading expert on rapid product development Effective requirements discovery and analysis is a critical best practice for serious application development. Until now, however, requirements and Agile methods have rarely coexisted peacefully. For many enterprises considering Agile approaches, the absence of effective and scalable Agile requirements processes has been a showstopper for Agile adoption. In Agile Software Requirements, Dean Leffingwell shows exactly how to create effective requirements in Agile environments. Part I presents the “big picture” of Agile requirements in the enterprise, and describes an overall process model for Agile requirements at the project team, program, and portfolio levels Part II describes a simple and lightweight, yet comprehensive model that Agile project teams can use to manage requirements Part III shows how to develop Agile requirements for complex systems that require the cooperation of multiple teams Part IV guides enterprises in developing Agile requirements for ever-larger “systems of systems,” application suites, and product portfolios This book will help you leverage the benefits of Agile without sacrificing the value of effective requirements discovery and analysis. You’ll find proven solutions you can apply right now–whether you’re a software developer or tester, executive, project/program manager, architect, or team leader.

The Quest for Software Requirements

The Quest for Software Requirements Author Roxanne E. Miller
ISBN-10 1595980679
Year 2009
Pages 327
Language en
Publisher Mavenmark Press
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For the first time, provides the business analysis sector with over 2,000 probing questions to elicit nonfunctional software requirements

Software Engineering Best Practices

Software Engineering Best Practices Author Capers Jones
ISBN-10 9780071621625
Year 2009-11-05
Pages 608
Language en
Publisher McGraw Hill Professional
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Proven techniques for software engineering success This in-depth volume examines software engineering topics that are not covered elsewhere: the question of why software engineering has developed more than 2,500 programming languages; problems with traditional definitions of software quality; and problems with common metrics, "lines of code," and "cost per defect" that violate standard economic assumptions. The book notes that a majority of "new" projects are actually replacements for legacy applications, illustrating that data mining for lost requirements should be a standard practice. Difficult social engineering issues are also covered, such as how to minimize harm from layoffs and downsizing. Software Engineering Best Practices explains how to effectively plan, size, schedule, and manage software projects of all types, using solid engineering procedures. It details proven methods, from initial requirements through 20 years of maintenance. Portions of the book have been extensively reviewed by key engineers from top companies, including IBM, Microsoft, Unisys, and Sony. Manage Agile, hierarchical, matrix, and virtual software development teams Optimize software quality using JAD, OFD, TSP, static analysis, inspections, and other methods with proven success records Use high-speed functional metrics to assess productivity and quality levels Plan optimal organization, from small teams through more than 1,000 personnel

Code Complete

Code Complete Author Steve McConnell
ISBN-10 9780735636972
Year 2004-06-09
Pages 960
Language en
Publisher Pearson Education
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Widely considered one of the best practical guides to programming, Steve McConnell’s original CODE COMPLETE has been helping developers write better software for more than a decade. Now this classic book has been fully updated and revised with leading-edge practices—and hundreds of new code samples—illustrating the art and science of software construction. Capturing the body of knowledge available from research, academia, and everyday commercial practice, McConnell synthesizes the most effective techniques and must-know principles into clear, pragmatic guidance. No matter what your experience level, development environment, or project size, this book will inform and stimulate your thinking—and help you build the highest quality code. Discover the timeless techniques and strategies that help you: Design for minimum complexity and maximum creativity Reap the benefits of collaborative development Apply defensive programming techniques to reduce and flush out errors Exploit opportunities to refactor—or evolve—code, and do it safely Use construction practices that are right-weight for your project Debug problems quickly and effectively Resolve critical construction issues early and correctly Build quality into the beginning, middle, and end of your project

Software Requirements Specifications

Software Requirements   Specifications Author Michael James Jackson
ISBN-10 UOM:39015034860646
Year 1995
Pages 228
Language en
Publisher Addison-Wesley Professional
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With a spice of wit and illuminating illustration, this collection of 75 short pieces deals with topics in the field of software requirements analysis, specifications and design. The author emphasizes the need to structure and analyze problems, not just specify a solution.

Rapid Development

Rapid Development Author Steve McConnell
ISBN-10 9780735646360
Year 1996-07-02
Pages 680
Language en
Publisher Microsoft Press
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Corporate and commercial software-development teams all want solutions for one important problem—how to get their high-pressure development schedules under control. In RAPID DEVELOPMENT, author Steve McConnell addresses that concern head-on with overall strategies, specific best practices, and valuable tips that help shrink and control development schedules and keep projects moving. Inside, you’ll find: A rapid-development strategy that can be applied to any project and the best practices to make that strategy work Candid discussions of great and not-so-great rapid-development practices—estimation, prototyping, forced overtime, motivation, teamwork, rapid-development languages, risk management, and many others A list of classic mistakes to avoid for rapid-development projects, including creeping requirements, shortchanged quality, and silver-bullet syndrome Case studies that vividly illustrate what can go wrong, what can go right, and how to tell which direction your project is going RAPID DEVELOPMENT is the real-world guide to more efficient applications development.

Writing Better Requirements

Writing Better Requirements Author Ian F. Alexander
ISBN-10 0321131630
Year 2002
Pages 159
Language en
Publisher Pearson Education
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Well-written requirements are crucial to systems of all kinds. This text explains and demonstrates exactly what requirements are for, and how to write them. It provides practical techniques and defines key terms, explaining and illustrating to develop the skills of good requirements writing.